Persian Rug Types
When shopping for Persian rugs, there are many different types to consider. While many think that Persian rugs are all the same, they’d be surprised to realize that there are many options that are based on the region where the rugs are made.
Experts can easily differentiate the different Persian rugs at first sight, but these differences might not be so clear to the average eye. Here are some distinctive characteristics of the different types of Persian rugs so that you are well informed when you’re looking to invest in one (or to simply impress anyone that also loves Persian rugs):
- Tabriz Rugs
Tabriz is the capital city of Azerbaijan and considered as one of the world’s oldest antique Persian rug weaving centers in the area. Tabriz rugs are quality options that are made using wool, silk or cotton. These rugs often feature a wide range of designs, including teardrop medallions, flora, trees and hunting scenes and gardens. Colors include terracotta, copper tones, ivory, blue and some touches of gold and salmon included. Master weaver o the Qajar weaver, Haji Jalili, is well known for creating some of the best Tabriz rugs around!
- Heriz Rugs
A Heriz rug will also have an oversized medallion in the middle of the antique Persian rug and feature a double or triple outline with big corner pieces. Plus, the bright vibrant colors and bold patterns make them easy to identify. If you want a rug that is durable and will last for generations, Heriz rugs are definitely it!
- Kashan Rugs
A trademark of Kashan rugs is the medallion in the center and a corner pattern that’s very ornate. Colors used in Kashan rugs are usually a combination of blues, reds and ivory Ð but they can feature the occasional green yellow and burnt orange. Known for being quality rugs, Kashan rugs have a knot count that ranges from 100kpsi to more than 800 kpsi.
- Gabbeh Rugs
Gabbeh rugs are considered to be tribal antique Persian rug options given that they are woven by Luri and Qashqai weavers located in the Zagros Mountains. The rugs are made of local handspun wool and are considered very coarse and thick. The designs are simple and feature a plain lush field of color that is made using natural dyes. Typical colors of the rug include yellow, rush, orange or red.
- Isfahan Rugs
These rugs are very symmetrical and balanced. They’re made of silk or wool and usually have a single rose, indigo or blue medallion that’s surrounded by vines and woven on a background that’s ivory.
These antique Persian rug options are known for their quality and have a wool knot count of about 300 kpsi to 700 kpsi. The patterns on the Nain rug are intricate by nature and feature green or blue branches that are intertwined, along with small woven flowers on a light ivory or white backdrop.
Mashad rugs are very large and feature a cotton foundation with wool pile. Typically, you’ll find an oversized Shah Abbasi medallion right in the center of the rug over a very elaborate background that’s filled with floral motifs in a curvilinear design.
The materials used in these antique Persian rugs are coarser than other styles. The colors associated with Shiraz rugs are red and brown, with the designs usually geometric. Shiraz rugs are fully crated by hand and the uniqueness of each piece is what makes them so appealing.